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MOTOR VEHICLES ACT 1959 - SECT 5

5—Interpretation

        (1)         In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires or some other meaning is clearly intended—

"accident" means a collision or impact (whether caused accidentally or on purpose) resulting in damage to a motor vehicle;

"accident towing direction", in relation to a motor vehicle damaged in an accident, means a direction to tow that motor vehicle from the scene of the accident, being a direction given to a towtruck operator by or on behalf of a police officer in accordance with the accident towing roster scheme;

"accident towing roster scheme" means the accident towing roster scheme provided for by the regulations;

"agriculture" includes horticulture, viticulture, dairying, bee keeping, livestock production and other similar activity;

and "agricultural" has a corresponding meaning;

"agricultural implement" means a vehicle without its own automotive power, built to perform agricultural tasks;

"agricultural machine" means a machine with its own automotive power, built to perform agricultural tasks;

"alcohol interlock" means a device or system of a kind approved by the Minister by notice in the Gazette as an alcohol interlock for the purposes of this Act;

"alcohol interlock scheme conditions" means—

            (a)         the mandatory alcohol interlock scheme conditions; or

            (b)         the voluntary alcohol interlock scheme conditions;

"approved alcohol interlock provider" means a person, or a person of a class, approved by the Minister by notice in the Gazette as a provider of alcohol interlocks for the purposes of this Act;

"authority to tow", in relation to a damaged motor vehicle, means authorisation in writing to remove the motor vehicle given for the purposes of this Act by the owner or person in charge of the vehicle or an authorised officer or police officer;

"authorised examiner" means—

            (a)         a police officer appointed by the Commissioner of Police for the purpose of conducting practical driving tests; or

            (b)         a person appointed by the Registrar for the purpose of conducting practical driving tests; or

            (c)         a person appointed by some public authority, and approved by the Registrar, for the purpose of conducting practical driving tests;

"authorised officer" means a person appointed as an authorised officer under section 35 of the Road Traffic Act 1961


or a person of a class of persons appointed as authorised officers under that section;

"the balance of the prescribed registration fee", in relation to a motor vehicle registered under this Act at a reduced registration fee, means an amount calculated by the Registrar on the basis of the difference between the reduced fee and the prescribed registration fee, in relation to the number of months of the registration period that remain unexpired; for the purposes of this definition, a portion of a month will be treated as a whole month;

"caravan" means a trailer that is constructed or adapted so as to provide sleeping accommodation for one or more persons;

"category 1 offence" means an offence against section 47B(1) of the Road Traffic Act 1961


involving a concentration of alcohol of less than .08 grams in 100 millilitres of blood;

"category 2 offence" means an offence against section 47B(1) of the Road Traffic Act 1961


involving a concentration of alcohol of less than .15 grams, but not less than .08 grams, in 100 millilitres of blood;

"category 3 offence" means an offence against section 47B(1) of the Road Traffic Act 1961


involving a concentration of alcohol of .15 grams or more in 100 millilitres of blood;

"commercial motor vehicle" means—

            (a)         a motor vehicle constructed or adapted solely or mainly for the carriage of goods (including a motor vehicle of the type commonly called a utility); and

            (b)         a prime mover;

"configuration", in relation to a heavy vehicle, has the meaning assigned to it by the regulations;

"court" means court (whether the Supreme Court or any other court) having jurisdiction to deal with the matters in relation to which the word is used;

"CPI" means the Consumer Price Index (All Groups) for the City of Adelaide;

"CTP Regulator" or "Regulator" means the CTP Regulator established under the Compulsory Third Party Insurance Regulation Act 2016


;

"declared area" means—

            (a)         the area of a municipal council; or

            (b)         a part of the State declared by regulation to be within the area for the purposes of this definition;

"District Court" means the Administrative and Disciplinary Division of the District Court;

"drink driving offence" has the same meaning as in the Road Traffic Act 1961


;

"drug driving offence" has the same meaning as in the Road Traffic Act 1961


;

"foreign licence" means a licence to drive a motor vehicle issued under the law of another country;

"garage address" of a vehicle means—

            (a)         in the case of a vehicle normally kept at a depot when not in use—the principal depot of the vehicle; or

            (b)         in any other case—the address of the place of business or residence at which the vehicle is normally kept when not in use;

"gross combination mass" or "GCM" of a motor vehicle means the greatest possible sum of the maximum loaded mass of the motor vehicle and of any vehicles that may lawfully be towed by it at any one time—

            (a)         as specified by the motor vehicle's manufacturer; or

            (b)         as specified by the Registrar if—

                  (i)         the manufacturer has not specified the sum of the maximum loaded mass; or

                  (ii)         the manufacturer cannot be identified; or

                  (iii)         the vehicle has been modified to the extent that the manufacturer's specification is no longer appropriate;

"gross vehicle mass" or "GVM" of a vehicle means the maximum loaded mass of the vehicle

            (a)         as specified by the vehicle's manufacturer; or

            (b)         as specified by the Registrar if—

                  (i)         the manufacturer has not specified a maximum loaded mass; or

                  (ii)         the manufacturer cannot be identified; or

                  (iii)         the vehicle has been modified to the extent that the manufacturer's specification is no longer appropriate;

"health professional" means a legally qualified medical practitioner, a registered optometrist or a registered physiotherapist;

"heavy vehicle" means a motor vehicle that is a heavy vehicle for the purposes of the Heavy Vehicle National Law (South Australia) ;

"Heavy Vehicle National Law (South Australia)" has the same meaning as in the Heavy Vehicle National Law (South Australia) Act 2013


;

"Heavy Vehicle National Regulations (South Australia)" has the same meaning as in the Heavy Vehicle National Law (South Australia) Act 2013


;

"high powered vehicle" means a motor vehicle

            (a)         belonging to a class of vehicles prescribed by the regulations as high powered vehicles for the purposes of this Act; or

            (b)         of a kind included in this definition by the Registrar by notice in the Gazette,

but does not include a motor vehicle of a kind excluded from this definition by the Registrar by notice in the Gazette;

"insurance premium" or "premium", in relation to a motor vehicle, means the premium appropriate to the motor vehicle for a policy of insurance under Part 4


, as determined by the CTP Regulator from time to time, and includes any money that the Registrar is required to retain under section 99A(14)


;

"interstate learner's permit" means a licence or permit issued under the law of another State or Territory of the Commonwealth that corresponds to a learner's permit issued under this Act;

"interstate licence" means a licence or permit issued under the law of another State or Territory of the Commonwealth that corresponds to a driver's licence issued under this Act;

"interstate non-provisional licence" means a licence of a type prescribed by regulation for the purposes of this definition issued under the law of another State or Territory of the Commonwealth;

"interstate provisional licence" means a licence of a type prescribed by regulation for the purposes of this definition issued under the law of another State or Territory of the Commonwealth;

"learner's permit" means a learner's permit issued under this Act;

"learner's permit conditions" means the conditions referred to in section 75A(10)


;

"licence" means a driver's licence issued under this Act;

"LSS Fund levy" means the LSS Fund levy under Part 7 of the Motor Vehicle Accidents (Lifetime Support Scheme) Act 2013


;

"mandatory alcohol interlock scheme conditions" means the conditions referred to in section 81F


;

"motor bike" means a motor vehicle (not being a trailer) with two wheels, and includes a two wheeled motor vehicle with a sidecar attached to it that is supported by a third wheel;

"motor vehicle" means a vehicle that is built to be propelled by a motor that forms part of the vehicle;

"nominated vehicle" for a person means a motor vehicle nominated by the person to the Registrar in accordance with section 81F


;

"non-provisional licence" means a licence issued under this Act other than a provisional licence;

"number" means—

            (a)         a figure or a combination of figures; or

            (b)         a combination of letters of the alphabet; or

            (c)         a combination of figures and letters of the alphabet;

"operator", in relation to a motor vehicle, means the person principally responsible for the operation or use of the vehicle;

"oral fluid" has the same meaning as in the Road Traffic Act 1961


;

"owner" includes a person who takes a motor vehicle on hire;

"P1 licence" means a provisional licence that is taken to be a P1 licence in accordance with section 81A(2)


;

"P2 licence" means a provisional licence other than a P1 licence;

"photograph" includes an image produced from an electronic record made by a digital or other electronic camera, and "photographic" has a corresponding meaning;

"photographic detection device" has the same meaning as in the Road Traffic Act 1961


;

"practical driving test", in relation to a person applying for a licence, means a test approved by the Registrar as a practical driving test in relation to a class of licence to which the licence sought by the person belongs;

"premises" includes land and the fences, walls or structures on the boundaries of land;

"prescribed conditions" means learner's permit conditions, probationary licence conditions or provisional licence conditions;

"prescribed drug" has the same meaning as in the Road Traffic Act 1961


;

"prescribed registration fee" means the amount of the fee payable in respect of the registration of a motor vehicle that is fixed by, or determined in accordance with, the regulations as the registration fee (rather than, for example, an administration fee);

"primary producer" means a person—

            (a)         who carries on as principal an agricultural business; or

            (b)         who under a written sharefarming agreement works land as a sharefarmer and not as an employee; or

            (c)         who carries on as principal the business of fishing;

"prime mover" means a motor vehicle designed to tow a semi-trailer;

"probationary licence" means a driver's licence subject to probationary licence conditions;

"probationary licence conditions" means conditions referred to in section 81AB


;

"provisional licence" means a driver's licence subject to provisional licence conditions;

"provisional licence conditions" means the conditions referred to in section 81A(4)


;

"qualified supervising driver"—see section 72A


;

"quarter" means any period of three months;

"quotation for repair" means an assessment or estimate of the actual or probable cost of repairing damage to a motor vehicle;

"reduced registration fee" means—

            (a)         the fee payable for conditional registration of a motor vehicle under section 25


; or

            (b)         any other fee payable by a person for registration of a motor vehicle that is less than the prescribed registration fee in relation to the vehicle;

"registered operator", in relation to a motor vehicle, means a person recorded on the register of motor vehicles as the operator of the vehicle;

"registered owner", in relation to a motor vehicle, means a person recorded on the register of motor vehicles as the owner of the vehicle;

"registered premises", in relation to a towtruck operator, means the premises registered in the name of the towtruck operator pursuant to the accident towing roster scheme;

"the Registrar" means the Registrar of Motor Vehicles and includes any person acting on behalf of the Registrar in accordance with this Act;

"registration" of a motor vehicle includes re-registration or renewal of registration; and "to register" has a corresponding meaning;

"road" means an area that is open to or used by the public and is developed for, or has as one of its main uses, the driving of motor vehicles;

"road-related area" means any of the following:

            (a)         an area that divides a road; or

            (b)         a footpath or nature strip adjacent to a road; or

            (c)         an area that is not a road and that is open to the public and designated for use by cyclists or animals; or

            (d)         an area that is not a road and that is open to or used by the public for driving or parking motor vehicles; or

            (e)         any other area that is open to or used by the public and that has been declared by the Minister under section 6


to be a road-related area;

"scene of an accident" means the area within a radius of 200 metres from the point at which a vehicle involved in an accident has, as an immediate result of the accident, come or been brought to a stationary position;

"semi-trailer" means a trailer that has—

            (a)         1 axle group or a single axle (as those terms are defined in the Road Traffic Act 1961


) towards the rear; and

            (b)         a means of attachment to a prime mover that results in some of the mass of the trailer's load being imposed on the prime mover;

"serious drink driving offence"—see section 81E


;

"stamp duty" means the duty payable under the Stamp Duties Act 1923


;

"temporary towtruck certificate" means a temporary towtruck certificate issued by the Registrar under Part 3C


;

"tow", in relation to a motor vehicle, means tow, partially lift and tow, lift and carry or carry a motor vehicle by means of another motor vehicle;

"towtruck" means a motor vehicle (including a trailer attached to a motor vehicle) designed, adapted or intended to lift and carry or partially lift and tow a motor vehicle that cannot, because of damage or malfunction, be operated properly under its own motive power;

"towtruck certificate" means a towtruck certificate issued by the Registrar under Part 3C


;

"towtruck driver" means a person who drives, or operates the equipment of, a towtruck;

"towtruck operator" means a person who carries on the business of towing motor vehicles or a business that includes towing motor vehicles;

"trailer" means a vehicle that is built to be towed, or is towed, by a motor vehicle, but does not include a motor vehicle that is being towed;

"unconditional licence" means—

            (a)         a licence issued under this Act not subject to alcohol interlock scheme conditions or prescribed conditions; or

            (b)         a licence of a type prescribed by regulation for the purposes of this definition issued under the law of another State or Territory of the Commonwealth;

"vehicle" does not include a vehicle operated on a railway or tramway or a mobile machine controlled and guided by a person walking;

"voluntary alcohol interlock scheme conditions"—see Schedule 6 clause 1


;

"wharf" includes—

            (a)         any wharf, quay, jetty, pier, landing place, stage, platform, slip, basin, siding, dock, or other place at which goods can be landed, loaded or unloaded, whether situated on or near the shore of the sea or of any of its arms or inlets, or on or near the shore of any inland river or other inland water; and

            (b)         all railways and tramways on the wharf and the approaches to them; and

            (c)         a wharf only partly constructed as well as a completed wharf.

        (1a)         In this Act, a reference to a Commonwealth Act includes a reference to—

            (a)         that Commonwealth Act as amended and in force for the time being; and

            (b)         an Act enacted in substitution for that Act.

        (2)         For the purposes of this Act, a person who is driving a motor vehicle that tows another motor vehicle will be taken to be driving both motor vehicles.

        (2a)         A reference in this Act to drivers or the driving of vehicles includes a reference to riders or the riding of vehicles unless it is otherwise expressly stated.

        (2b)         A reference in this Act to a road includes a reference to a road-related area unless it is otherwise expressly stated.

        (3)         A reference in this Act to a motor vehicle includes a reference to a trailer unless it is otherwise expressly stated.

        (3a)         The Governor may, by proclamation—

            (a)         declare that a motor vehicle of a certain design or with certain characteristics is to be regarded for the purposes of this Act as a motor vehicle of a specified class; and

            (b)         revoke or vary any proclamation under this subsection.

        (3b)         The Minister may, by notice in the Gazette, approve or revoke the approval of—

            (a)         a device or system as an alcohol interlock for the purposes of this Act; or

            (b)         a person, or a person of a class, as a provider of alcohol interlocks for the purposes of this Act.

        (4)         Subject to section 22A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1915


, this Act applies in relation to motor vehicles engaged in trade, commerce and intercourse between the States.

        (7)         In this Act, if a monetary amount is followed by the word "(indexed)", the amount is to be adjusted on 1 January of each year, beginning in 2006, by multiplying the stated amount by a multiplier obtained by dividing the CPI for the quarter ending 30 June in the previous year by the CPI for the quarter ending 30 June 2004.



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