New South Wales Consolidated Acts

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CONVEYANCING ACT 1919 - SECT 177

Duty of care in relation to support for land

177 Duty of care in relation to support for land

(1) For the purposes of the common law of negligence, a duty of care exists in relation to the right of support for land.
(2) Accordingly, a person has a duty of care not to do anything on or in relation to land (the
"supporting land" ) that removes the support provided by the supporting land to any other land (the
"supported land" ).
(3) For the purposes of this section,
"supporting land" includes the natural surface of the land, the subsoil of the land, any water beneath the land, and any part of the land that has been reclaimed.
(4) The duty of care in relation to support for land does not extend to any support that is provided by a building or structure on the supporting land except to the extent that the supporting building or structure concerned has replaced the support that the supporting land in its natural or reclaimed state formerly provided to the supported land.
(5) The duty of care in relation to support for land may be excluded or modified by express agreement between a person on whom the duty lies and a person to whom the duty is owed.
(6) Any such agreement:
(a) has effect in relation to any agent of the person on whom the duty lies, and
(b) has effect in relation to any successor in title of the supported land if the agreement is embodied in a registered easement for removal of support relating to that land.
(7) The right to agree to the removal of the support provided by supporting land to supported land is a right of the kind that is capable of being created by an easement.
(8) Any right at common law to bring an action in nuisance in respect of the removal of the support provided by supporting land to supported land is abolished by this section.
(9) Any action in negligence that is commenced after the commencement of this section in relation to the removal of the support provided by supporting land to supported land may be wholly or partly based on something that was done before the commencement of this section. However, this subsection does not operate to extend any period of limitation under the Limitation Act 1969 .
(10) This section extends to land and dealings under the Real Property Act 1900 .
(11) This section does not apply in relation to any proceedings that were commenced before the commencement of this section.
(12) A reference in this section to the removal of the support provided by supporting land to supported land includes a reference to any reduction of that support.
(13) This section binds the Crown in right of New South Wales and, in so far as the legislative power of the Parliament of New South Wales permits, the Crown in all its other capacities.



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