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PERSONAL PROPERTY SECURITIES ACT 2009 - SECT 12

Meaning of security interest

             (1)  A security interest means an interest in personal property provided for by a transaction that, in substance, secures payment or performance of an obligation (without regard to the form of the transaction or the identity of the person who has title to the property).

Note:          For the application of this Act to interests, see section 8.

             (2)  For example, a security interest includes an interest in personal property provided by any of the following transactions, if the transaction, in substance, secures payment or performance of an obligation:

                     (a)  a fixed charge;

                     (b)  a floating charge;

                     (c)  a chattel mortgage;

                     (d)  a conditional sale agreement (including an agreement to sell subject to retention of title);

                     (e)  a hire purchase agreement;

                      (f)  a pledge;

                     (g)  a trust receipt;

                     (h)  a consignment (whether or not a commercial consignment);

                      (i)  a lease of goods (whether or not a PPS lease);

                      (j)  an assignment;

                     (k)  a transfer of title;

                      (l)  a flawed asset arrangement.

             (3)  A security interest also includes the following interests, whether or not the transaction concerned, in substance, secures payment or performance of an obligation:

                     (a)  the interest of a transferee under a transfer of an account or chattel paper;

                     (b)  the interest of a consignor who delivers goods to a consignee under a commercial consignment;

                     (c)  the interest of a lessor or bailor of goods under a PPS lease.

          (3A)  A person who owes payment or performance of an obligation to another person may take a security interest in the other person's right to require the payment or the performance of the obligation.

             (4)  Without limiting subsection (3A):

                     (a)  an account debtor, in relation to an account or chattel paper, may take a security interest in the account or chattel paper; and

                     (b)  an ADI may take a security interest in an ADI account that is kept with the ADI.

             (5)  A security interest does not include:

                     (a)  a licence; or

                     (b)  an interest of a kind prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this section.

             (6)  A security interest is not created only by an agreement or undertaking to do either of the following:

                     (a)  to postpone or subordinate a person's right to payment or performance of all or any part of a debtor's obligation to another person's right to payment or performance of all or any part of another of the debtor's obligations;

                     (b)  to postpone or subordinate all or any part of a secured party's rights under a security agreement to all or any part of another secured party's rights under another security agreement with the same grantor.



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