Commonwealth Consolidated Acts

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COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA CONSTITUTION ACT


TABLE OF PROVISIONS

           Long Title
           Preamble

   1.      Short title [see Note 1]  
   2.      Act to extend to the Queen's successors  
   3.      Proclamation of Commonwealth [see Note 2]  
   4.      Commencement of Act  
   5.      Operation of the Constitution and laws [see Note 3]  
   6.      Definitions  
   7.      Repeal of Federal Council Act [see Note 4]  
   8.      Application of Colonial Boundaries Act  
   9.      Constitution [see Note 1]  
            

CHAPTER I--The Parliament
            

   PART I--GENERAL
   1.      Legislative power  
   2.      Governor-General  
   3.      Salary of Governor-General  
   4.      Provisions relating to Governor-General  
   5.      Sessions of Parliament. Prorogation and dissolution  
   6.      Yearly session of Parliament  

   PART II--THE SENATE
   7.      The Senate [see Note 5]  
   8.      Qualification of electors  
   9.      Method of election of senators [see Note 6]  

   10.     Application of State laws  
   11.     Failure to choose senators  
   12.     Issue of writs  
   13.     Rotation of senators  
   14.     Further provision for rotation [see Note 7]  
   15.     Casual vacancies [see Note 8]  
   16.     Qualifications of senator  
   17.     Election of President  
   18.     Absence of President  
   19.     Resignation of senator  
   20.     Vacancy by absence  
   21.     Vacancy to be notified  
   22.     Quorum  
   23.     Voting in the Senate  

   PART III--THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

   24.     Constitution of House of Representatives  
   25.     Provision as to races disqualified from voting  
   26.     Representatives in first Parliament  
   27.     Alteration of number of members  
   28.     Duration of House of Representatives  
   29.     Electoral divisions [see Note 9]  
   30.     Qualification of electors  
   31.     Application of State laws  
   32.     Writs for general election  
   33.     Writs for vacancies  
   34.     Qualifications of members  
   35.     Election of Speaker  
   36.     Absence of Speaker  
   37.     Resignation of member  
   38.     Vacancy by absence  
   39.     Quorum  
   40.     Voting in House of Representatives  

   PART IV--BOTH HOUSES OF THE PARLIAMENT

   41.     Right of electors of States  
   42.     Oath or affirmation of allegiance  
   43.     Member of one House ineligible for other  
   44.     Disqualification  
   45.     Vacancy on happening of disqualification  
   46.     Penalty for sitting when disqualified  
   47.     Disputed elections  
   48.     Allowance to members  
   49.     Privileges etc. of Houses  
   50.     Rules and orders  

   PART V--POWERS OF THE PARLIAMENT

   51.     Legislative powers of the Parliament [see Notes 10 and 11]  
   52.     Exclusive powers of the Parliament  
   53.     Powers of the Houses in respect of legislation  
   54.     Appropriation Bills  
   55.     Tax Bill  
   56.     Recommendation of money votes  
   57.     Disagreement between the Houses  
   58.     Royal assent to Bills  
   59.     Disallowance by the Queen  
   60.     Signification of Queen's pleasure on Bills reserved  
            

CHAPTER II--The Executive Government
            

   61.     Executive power  
   62.     Federal Executive Council  
   63.     Provisions referring to Governor-General  
   64.     Ministers of State  
   65.     Number of Ministers  
   66.     Salaries of Ministers  
   67.     Appointment of civil servants  
   68.     Command of naval and military forces  
   69.     Transfer of certain departments  
   70.     Certain powers of Governors to vest in Governor-General  
            

CHAPTER III--The Judicature
            

   71.     Judicial power and Courts  
   72.     Judges' appointment, tenure, and remuneration  
   73.     Appellate jurisdiction of High Court  
   74.     Appeal to Queen in Council [see Note 12]  
   75.     Original jurisdiction of High Court  
   76.     Additional original jurisdiction  
   77.     Power to define jurisdiction  
   78.     Proceedings against Commonwealth or State  
   79.     Number of judges  
   80.     Trial by jury  
            

CHAPTER IV--Finance and Trade
            

   81.     Consolidated Revenue Fund  
   82.     Expenditure charged thereon  
   83.     Money to be appropriated by law  
   84.     Transfer of officers  
   85.     Transfer of property of State  
   86.     [Customs, excise, and bounties] [see Note 13]  
   87.     [Revenue from customs and excise duties] [see Note 13]  
   88.     Uniform duties of customs  
   89.     Payment to States before uniform duties  
   90.     Exclusive power over customs, excise, and bounties  
   91.     Exceptions as to bounties  
   92.     Trade within the Commonwealth to be free  
   93.     Payment to States for five years after uniform tariffs  
   94.     Distribution of surplus  
   95.     Customs duties of Western Australia  
   96.     Financial assistance to States  
   97.     Audit  
   98.     Trade and commerce includes navigation and State railways  
   99.     Commonwealth not to give preference  
   100.    Nor abridge right to use water  
   101.    Inter-State Commission  
   102.    Parliament may forbid preferences by State  
   103.    Commissioners' appointment, tenure, and remuneration  
   104.    Saving of certain rates  
   105.    Taking over public debts of States  
   105A.   Agreements with respect to State debts  
            

CHAPTER V--The States
            

   106.    Saving of Constitutions  
   107.    Saving of Power of State Parliaments  
   108.    Saving of State laws  
   109.    Inconsistency of laws  
   110.    Provisions referring to Governor  
   111.    States may surrender territory  
   112.    States may levy charges for inspection laws  
   113.    Intoxicating liquids  
   114.    States may not raise forces. Taxation of property of Commonwealth or State  
   115.    States not to coin money  
   116.    Commonwealth not to legislate in respect of religion  
   117.    Rights of residents in States  
   118.    Recognition of laws etc. of States  
   119.    Protection of States from invasion and violence  
   120.    Custody of offenders against laws of the Commonwealth  
            

CHAPTER VI--New States
            

   121.    New States may be admitted or established  
   122.    Government of territories  
   123.    Alteration of limits of States  
   124.    Formation of new States  
            

CHAPTER VII--Miscellaneous
            

   125.    Seat of Government  
   126.    Power to Her Majesty to authorise Governor-General to appoint deputies [see Note 14]  
            

CHAPTER VIII--Alteration of the Constitution
            

   128.    Mode of altering the Constitution [see Note 1]  
           SCHEDULE


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