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CORPORATIONS ACT 2001 - SECT 1322

Irregularities

             (1)  In this section, unless the contrary intention appears:

                     (a)  a reference to a proceeding under this Act is a reference to any proceeding whether a legal proceeding or not; and

                     (b)  a reference to a procedural irregularity includes a reference to:

                              (i)  the absence of a quorum at a meeting of a corporation, at a meeting of directors or creditors of a corporation, at a joint meeting of creditors and members of a corporation or at a meeting of members of a registered scheme; and

                             (ii)  a defect, irregularity or deficiency of notice or time.

             (2)  A proceeding under this Act is not invalidated because of any procedural irregularity unless the Court is of the opinion that the irregularity has caused or may cause substantial injustice that cannot be remedied by any order of the Court and by order declares the proceeding to be invalid.

             (3)  A meeting held for the purposes of this Act, or a meeting notice of which is required to be given in accordance with the provisions of this Act, or any proceeding at such a meeting, is not invalidated only because of the accidental omission to give notice of the meeting or the non-receipt by any person of notice of the meeting, unless the Court, on the application of the person concerned, a person entitled to attend the meeting or ASIC, declares proceedings at the meeting to be void.

       (3AA)  A meeting held for the purposes of this Act, or a meeting notice of which is required to be given in accordance with the provisions of this Act, or any proceeding at such a meeting, is not invalidated only because of the inability of a person to access the notice of meeting, unless the Court, on the application of the person concerned, a person entitled to attend the meeting or ASIC, declares proceedings at the meeting to be void.

Note:          Under paragraph 249J(3)(cb), a company may, in certain circumstances, give a member notice of a meeting by notifying the member that the notice of meeting is available and how the member may access the notice of meeting.

          (3A)  If a member does not have a reasonable opportunity to participate in a meeting of members, or part of a meeting of members, held at 2 or more venues, the meeting will only be invalid on that ground if:

                     (a)  the Court is of the opinion that:

                              (i)  a substantial injustice has been caused or may be caused; and

                             (ii)  the injustice cannot be remedied by any order of the Court; and

                     (b)  the Court declares the meeting or proceeding (or that part of it) invalid.

          (3B)  If voting rights are exercised in contravention of subsection 259D(3) (company controlling entity that holds shares in it), the meeting or the resolution on which the voting rights were exercised will only be invalid on that ground if:

                     (a)  the court is of the opinion that:

                              (i)  a substantial injustice has been caused or may be caused; and

                             (ii)  the injustice cannot be remedied by any order of the court; and

                     (b)  the court declares the meeting or resolution invalid.

             (4)  Subject to the following provisions of this section but without limiting the generality of any other provision of this Act, the Court may, on application by any interested person, make all or any of the following orders, either unconditionally or subject to such conditions as the Court imposes:

                     (a)  an order declaring that any act, matter or thing purporting to have been done, or any proceeding purporting to have been instituted or taken, under this Act or in relation to a corporation is not invalid by reason of any contravention of a provision of this Act or a provision of the constitution of a corporation;

                     (b)  an order directing the rectification of any register kept by ASIC under this Act;

                     (c)  an order relieving a person in whole or in part from any civil liability in respect of a contravention or failure of a kind referred to in paragraph (a);

                     (d)  an order extending the period for doing any act, matter or thing or instituting or taking any proceeding under this Act or in relation to a corporation (including an order extending a period where the period concerned ended before the application for the order was made) or abridging the period for doing such an act, matter or thing or instituting or taking such a proceeding;

and may make such consequential or ancillary orders as the Court thinks fit.

             (5)  An order may be made under paragraph (4)(a) or (c) notwithstanding that the contravention or failure referred to in the paragraph concerned resulted in the commission of an offence.

             (6)  The Court must not make an order under this section unless it is satisfied:

                     (a)  in the case of an order referred to in paragraph (4)(a):

                              (i)  that the act, matter or thing, or the proceeding, referred to in that paragraph is essentially of a procedural nature;

                             (ii)  that the person or persons concerned in or party to the contravention or failure acted honestly; or

                            (iii)  that it is just and equitable that the order be made; and

                     (b)  in the case of an order referred to in paragraph (4)(c)--that the person subject to the civil liability concerned acted honestly; and

                     (c)  in every case--that no substantial injustice has been or is likely to be caused to any person.



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