Commonwealth Consolidated Acts

[Index] [Table] [Search] [Search this Act] [Notes] [Noteup] [Previous] [Next] [Download] [Help]

AUSTRALIAN CRIME COMMISSION ACT 2002 - SECT 30

Failure of witnesses to attend and answer questions

Failure to attend

             (1)  A person served, as prescribed, with a summons to appear as a witness at an examination before an examiner shall not:

                     (a)  fail to attend as required by the summons; or

                     (b)  fail to attend from day to day unless excused, or released from further attendance, by the examiner.

Failure to answer questions etc.

             (2)  A person appearing as a witness at an examination before an examiner shall not:

                     (a)  when required pursuant to section 28 either to take an oath or make an affirmation--refuse or fail to comply with the requirement;

                     (b)  refuse or fail to answer a question that he or she is required to answer by the examiner; or

                     (c)  refuse or fail to produce a document or thing that he or she was required to produce by a summons under this Act served on him or her as prescribed.

             (3)  Where:

                     (a)  a legal practitioner is required to answer a question or produce a document at an examination before an examiner; and

                     (b)  the answer to the question would disclose, or the document contains, a privileged communication made by or to the legal practitioner in his or her capacity as a legal practitioner;

the legal practitioner is entitled to refuse to comply with the requirement unless the person to whom or by whom the communication was made agrees to the legal practitioner complying with the requirement but, where the legal practitioner refuses to comply with the requirement, he or she shall, if so required by the examiner, give the examiner the name and address of the person to whom or by whom the communication was made.

Use immunity available in some cases if self-incrimination claimed

             (4)  Subsection (5) limits the use that can be made of any answers given at an examination before an examiner, or documents or things produced at an examination before an examiner. Subsections (5) and (5A) only apply if:

                     (a)  a person appearing as a witness at an examination before an examiner:

                              (i)  answers a question that he or she is required to answer by the examiner; or

                             (ii)  produces a document or thing that he or she was required to produce by a summons under this Act; or

                            (iii)  produces a document or thing that he or she was required to produce under subsection 28(4); and

                     (b)  in the case of the production of a document that is, or forms part of, a record of an existing or past business--the document sets out details of earnings received by the person in respect of his or her employment and does not set out any other information; and

                     (c)  before answering the question or producing the document or thing, the person claims that the answer, or the production of the document or thing, might tend to incriminate the person or make the person liable to a penalty.

             (5)  The answer, document or thing is not admissible in evidence against the person in:

                     (a)  a criminal proceeding; or

                     (b)  a proceeding for the imposition of a penalty; or

                     (c)  a confiscation proceeding.

          (5A)  Subsection (5) does not affect whether the answer, document or thing is admissible in evidence against the person in:

                     (a)  a confiscation proceeding, if the answer was given, or the document or thing was produced, at the examination at a time when the proceeding had not commenced and is not imminent; or

                     (b)  a proceeding about:

                              (i)  in the case of an answer--the falsity of the answer; or

                             (ii)  in the case of the production of a document--the falsity of any statement contained in the document.

Note:          For paragraph (a), the court may order otherwise (see subsection 25H(4)).

          (5B)  Subsection (5A) does not, by implication, affect the admissibility or relevance of the answer, document or thing for any other purpose.

Offence for contravention of subsection (1), (2) or (3)

             (6)  A person who contravenes subsection (1), (2) or (3) commits an indictable offence that, subject to this section, is punishable, upon conviction, by a fine not exceeding 200 penalty units or imprisonment for a period not exceeding 5 years.

             (7)  Notwithstanding that an offence against subsection (1), (2) or (3) is an indictable offence, a court of summary jurisdiction may hear and determine proceedings in respect of such an offence if the court is satisfied that it is proper to do so and the defendant and the prosecutor consent.

             (8)  Where, in accordance with subsection (7), a court of summary jurisdiction convicts a person of an offence against subsection (1), (2) or (3), the penalty that the court may impose is a fine not exceeding 20 penalty units or imprisonment for a period not exceeding 1 year.

Legal professional privilege

             (9)  Subsection (3) does not affect the law relating to legal professional privilege.



AustLII: Copyright Policy | Disclaimers | Privacy Policy | Feedback