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AUSTRALIAN CITIZENSHIP ACT 2007 - NOTES

No. 20, 2007

Compilation No. 24

Compilation date:                              1 July 2016

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 166, 2015

Registered:                                         5 July 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This compilation includes a commenced amendment made by Act No. 164, 2015

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Australian Citizenship Act 2007 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 1 July 2016 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self-repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Part 1--Preliminary                                                                                                             1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 1

2A......... Simplified outline................................................................................ 2

3............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 5

4............ Australian citizen................................................................................. 9

5............ Permanent resident.............................................................................. 9

6............ Responsible parent............................................................................ 10

6A......... National security offences................................................................. 11

7............ Children born on ships or aircraft or after death of parent................. 11

8............ Children born as a result of artificial conception procedures or surrogacy arrangements         12

9............ Confinement in prison or psychiatric institution................................ 12

10.......... Personal identifiers............................................................................ 13

11.......... Operation of Act............................................................................... 13

Part 2--Australian citizenship                                                                                     15

Division 1--Automatic acquisition of Australian citizenship                15

11A....... Simplified outline.............................................................................. 15

12.......... Citizenship by birth........................................................................... 15

13.......... Citizenship by adoption..................................................................... 16

14.......... Citizenship for abandoned children................................................... 16

15.......... Citizenship by incorporation of Territory.......................................... 16

Division 2--Acquisition of Australian citizenship by application       18

Subdivision A--Citizenship by descent                                                               18

15A....... Simplified outline.............................................................................. 18

16.......... Application and eligibility for citizenship.......................................... 19

17.......... Minister's decision............................................................................ 20

18.......... Registration....................................................................................... 21

19.......... Day citizenship begins...................................................................... 21

19A....... When a person does not become a citizen despite the Minister's approval               22

Subdivision AA--Citizenship for persons adopted in accordance with the Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption or a bilateral arrangement                                    22

19B....... Simplified outline.............................................................................. 22

19C....... Application and eligibility for citizenship.......................................... 23

19D....... Minister's decision............................................................................ 25

19E........ Registration....................................................................................... 26

19F........ Day citizenship begins...................................................................... 27

Subdivision B--Citizenship by conferral                                                           27

19G....... Simplified outline.............................................................................. 27

20.......... Requirements for becoming a citizen................................................. 28

21.......... Application and eligibility for citizenship.......................................... 28

22.......... General residence requirement.......................................................... 33

22A....... Special residence requirement--persons engaging in activities that are of benefit to Australia 36

22B....... Special residence requirement--persons engaged in particular kinds of work requiring regular travel outside Australia.......................................................................................................... 40

22C....... Special residence requirement--legislative instruments.................... 44

23.......... Defence service requirement............................................................. 44

23A....... Citizenship test.................................................................................. 46

24.......... Minister's decision............................................................................ 47

25.......... Minister may cancel approval............................................................ 51

26.......... Pledge of commitment must be made................................................ 52

27.......... How pledge of commitment is to be made........................................ 53

28.......... Day citizenship begins etc................................................................. 54

Subdivision C--Resuming citizenship                                                                 55

28A....... Simplified outline.............................................................................. 55

29.......... Application and eligibility for resuming citizenship.......................... 56

30.......... Minister's decision............................................................................ 57

31.......... Registration....................................................................................... 59

32.......... Day citizenship begins again etc........................................................ 59

Division 3--Cessation of Australian citizenship                                           61

32A....... Simplified outline.............................................................................. 61

33.......... Renunciation by application.............................................................. 61

33AA.... Renunciation by conduct................................................................... 63

34.......... Revocation by Minister--offences or fraud...................................... 69

34A....... Revocation by Minister--special residence requirements................. 72

35.......... Service outside Australia in armed forces of an enemy country or a declared terrorist organisation         73

35AA.... Declared terrorist organisation.......................................................... 77

35AB.... Sections 33AA and 35 do not apply to conduct of Australian law enforcement or intelligence bodies or in course of certain duties to the Commonwealth.................................................. 78

35A....... Conviction for terrorism offences and certain other offences............ 79

35B....... Matters to be set out in notices to persons who have ceased to be Australian citizens              82

36.......... Children of responsible parents who cease to be citizens.................. 83

36A....... No resumption of citizenship if citizenship ceases under section 33AA, 35 or 35A                84

Division 4--Evidence of Australian citizenship                                            85

37.......... Evidence of Australian citizenship.................................................... 85

38.......... Surrender of evidentiary notice......................................................... 86

39.......... Altering evidentiary notice................................................................ 87

Division 5--Personal identifiers                                                                            88

Subdivision A--Obtaining personal identifiers                                                88

40.......... Request for personal identifiers......................................................... 88

41.......... Provision of personal identifiers....................................................... 88

Subdivision B--Obligations relating to identifying information                89

42.......... Accessing identifying information.................................................... 89

43.......... Disclosing identifying information.................................................... 90

44.......... Unauthorised modification or impairment of identifying information 92

45.......... Destroying identifying information................................................... 93

Part 3--Other matters                                                                                                       95

Division 1--Bogus documents                                                                                95

45A....... Prohibition on, and forfeiture of, bogus documents.......................... 95

45B....... Seizure of bogus documents............................................................. 95

45C....... Document condemned as forfeited.................................................... 96

45D....... Dealing with a document after it is condemned as forfeited.............. 97

Division 2--Other                                                                                                         98

46.......... Application requirements.................................................................. 98

47.......... Notification of decisions................................................................... 99

48.......... Computerised decision-making......................................................... 99

49.......... Evidence of whether computer program is functioning correctly.... 101

50.......... False statements or representations................................................. 102

51.......... Geographical jurisdiction for offences............................................ 102

51A....... Things seized under Crimes Act search warrant and information about such things                102

51B....... Reports to Parliament...................................................................... 103

51C....... Briefing of Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security  105

52.......... Review of decisions........................................................................ 106

53.......... Delegation....................................................................................... 107

54.......... Regulations..................................................................................... 107

Schedule 1--Pledge of commitment as a citizen of the Commonwealth of Australia                                                                                                                       108

1............ Form of pledge no. 1....................................................................... 108

2............ Form of pledge no. 2....................................................................... 108

Endnotes                                                                                                                                  109

Endnote 1--About the endnotes                                                                          109

Endnote 2--Abbreviation key                                                                              111

Endnote 3--Legislation history                                                                           112

Endnote 4--Amendment history                                                                         115


Endnotes

Endnote 1--About the endnotes

The endnotes provide information about this compilation and the compiled law.

The following endnotes are included in every compilation:

Endnote 1--About the endnotes

Endnote 2--Abbreviation key

Endnote 3--Legislation history

Endnote 4--Amendment history

Abbreviation key--Endnote 2

The abbreviation key sets out abbreviations that may be used in the endnotes.

Legislation history and amendment history--Endnotes 3 and 4

Amending laws are annotated in the legislation history and amendment history.

The legislation history in endnote 3 provides information about each law that has amended (or will amend) the compiled law. The information includes commencement details for amending laws and details of any application, saving or transitional provisions that are not included in this compilation.

The amendment history in endnote 4 provides information about amendments at the provision (generally section or equivalent) level. It also includes information about any provision of the compiled law that has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law.

Editorial changes

The Legislation Act 2003 authorises First Parliamentary Counsel to make editorial and presentational changes to a compiled law in preparing a compilation of the law for registration. The changes must not change the effect of the law. Editorial changes take effect from the compilation registration date.

If the compilation includes editorial changes, the endnotes include a brief outline of the changes in general terms. Full details of any changes can be obtained from the Office of Parliamentary Counsel.

Misdescribed amendments

A misdescribed amendment is an amendment that does not accurately describe the amendment to be made. If, despite the misdescription, the amendment can be given effect as intended, the amendment is incorporated into the compiled law and the abbreviation "(md)" added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

If a misdescribed amendment cannot be given effect as intended, the abbreviation "(md not incorp)" is added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

 

Endnote 2--Abbreviation key

 

ad = added or inserted

o = order(s)

am = amended

Ord = Ordinance

amdt = amendment

orig = original

c = clause(s)

par = paragraph(s)/subparagraph(s)

C[x] = Compilation No. x

    /sub-subparagraph(s)

Ch = Chapter(s)

pres = present

def = definition(s)

prev = previous

Dict = Dictionary

(prev ... ) = previously

disallowed = disallowed by Parliament

Pt = Part(s)

Div = Division(s)

r = regulation(s)/rule(s)

ed = editorial change

reloc = relocated

exp = expires/expired or ceases/ceased to have

renum = renumbered

    effect

rep = repealed

F = Federal Register of Legislation

rs = repealed and substituted

gaz = gazette

s = section(s)/subsection(s)

LA = Legislation Act 2003

Sch = Schedule(s)

LIA = Legislative Instruments Act 2003

Sdiv = Subdivision(s)

(md) = misdescribed amendment can be given

SLI = Select Legislative Instrument

    effect

SR = Statutory Rules

(md not incorp) = misdescribed amendment

Sub-Ch = Sub-Chapter(s)

    cannot be given effect

SubPt = Subpart(s)

mod = modified/modification

underlining = whole or part not

No. = Number(s)

    commenced or to be commenced

 

Endnote 3--Legislation history

 

Act

Number and year

Assent

Commencement

Application, saving and transitional provisions

Australian Citizenship Act 2007

20, 2007

15 Mar 2007

s 2A-54 and Sch 1: 1 July 2007 (s 2(1) items 2, 3)
Remainder: 15 Mar 2007 (s 2(1) item 1)

 

Family Law Amendment (Shared Parental Responsibility) Act 2006

46, 2006

22 May 2006

Sch 8 (item 2): 1 July 2007 (s 2(1) item 8)

--

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Statute Law Revision Act 2008

73, 2008

3 July 2008

Sch 2 (items 19, 20): 15 Mar 2007 (s 2(1) item 55)

--

Australian Citizenship Amendment (Citizenship Testing) Act 2007

142, 2007

17 Sept 2007

Sch 1: 1 Oct 2007 (s 2(1) item 2)
Remainder: 17 Sept 2007 (s 2(1) item 1)

Sch 1 (items 12, 13)

Migration Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 2008

85, 2008

15 Sept 2008

Sch 5 (items 1A-2, 6-10, 12, 13, 15, 16): 15 Mar 2009 (s 2(1) item 5)
Sch 5 (items 3-5, 14): 7 Oct 2008 (s 2(1) item 7)

Sch 5 (items 14, 16)

Same-Sex Relationships (Equal Treatment in Commonwealth Laws--General Law Reform) Act 2008

144, 2008

9 Dec 2008

Sch 10 (items 1-12): 15 Mar 2009 (s 2(1) item 29)
Sch 10 (item 76): 1 July 2009 (s 2(1) item 28)

Sch 10 (items 8, 12)

Australian Citizenship Amendment (Citizenship Test Review and Other Measures) Act 2009

90, 2009

21 Sept 2009

Sch 1: 9 Nov 2009 (s 2(1) item 2)
Sch 2 (items 1-6, 8): 21 Sept 2009 (s 2(1) items 1, 3)

Sch 1 (item 9) and Sch 2 (item 8)

Freedom of Information Amendment (Reform) Act 2010

51, 2010

31 May 2010

Sch 5 (item 2): 1 Nov 2010 (s 2(1) item 7)

--

Australian Citizenship Amendment (Defence Families) Act 2012

119, 2012

12 Sept 2012

Sch 1: 1 Jan 2013 s 2(1) item 2)

Sch 1 (item 3)

Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) Act 2012

197, 2012

12 Dec 2012

Sch 5 (item 13) and Sch 6 (items 15-19): 12 Mar 2014 (s 2(1) items 3, 19)
Sch 6 (item 1): 12 Dec 2012 (s 2(1) item 16)

Sch 6 (items 1, 15-19)

Australian Citizenship Amendment (Special Residence Requirements) Act 2013

57, 2013

21 June 2013

22 June 2013 (s 2)

Sch 1 (item 19)

Migration Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 2024

106, 2014

24 Sept 2014

Sch 5 (items 1, 3): 25 Sept 2014 (s 2(1) item 2)

Sch 5 (item 3)

Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Act 2014

116, 2014

3 Nov 2014

Sch 7 (item 7): never commenced (s 2(1) item 9)
Sch 7 (items 8, 9, 11): 4 Nov 2014 (s 2(1) items 10, 11, 13)
Sch 7 (item 10): 18 Apr 2015 (s 2(1) item 12)

Sch 7 (item 11)

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Migration Amendment (Protection and Other Measures) Act 2015

35, 2015

13 Apr 2015

Sch 5 (item 1): 14 Apr 2015 (s 2(1) item 11)

--

Australian Citizenship Amendment (Intercountry Adoption) Act 2015

7, 2015

25 Feb 2015

25 Feb 2015 (s 2)

Sch 1 (item 9)

Acts and Instruments (Framework Reform) (Consequential Provisions) Act 2015

126, 2015

10 Sept 2015

Sch 1 (item 43): 5 Mar 2016 (s 2(1) item 2)

--

Defence Legislation Amendment (First Principles) Act 2015

164, 2015

2 Dec 2015

Sch 2 (items 6, 80): 1 July 2016 (s 2(1) item 2)

Sch 2 (item 80)

Australian Citizenship Amendment (Allegiance to Australia) Act 2015

166, 2015

11 Dec 2015

Sch 1 and Sch 2 (items 1, 9): 12 Dec 2015 (s 2(1) item 1)

Sch 1 (item 8) and Sch 2 (item 9)

Endnote 4--Amendment history

 

Provision affected

How affected

Part 1

 

s 2A......................................

am No 142, 2007; No 7, 2015

s 3.........................................

am No 85, 2008; No 144, 2008; No 116, 2014

s 6.........................................

am No 46, 2006; No 144, 2008

s 8.........................................

rs No 144, 2008

s 10.......................................

am No 142, 2007

Part 2

 

Division 1

 

s 15.......................................

am No 126, 2015

Division 2

 

Subdivision A

 

s 16.......................................

am No 85, 2008

Subdivision AA

 

Subdivision AA heading........

rs No 7, 2015

s 19B.....................................

am No 7, 2015

s 19C.....................................

am No 7, 2015

Subdivision B

 

s 19G....................................

am No 142, 2007; No 90, 2009

s 21.......................................

am No 142, 2007; No 85, 2008; No 90, 2009; No 119, 2012

s 22.......................................

am No 85, 2008; No 144, 2008; No 90, 2009

s 22A....................................

ad No 90, 2009

 

am No 57, 2013

s 22B.....................................

ad No 90, 2009

 

am No 57, 2013

s 22C.....................................

ad No 90, 2009

s 23.......................................

am No 85, 2008

 

rs No 119, 2012

 

am No 164, 2015

s 23A....................................

ad No 142, 2007

 

am No 90, 2009

s 24.......................................

am No 85, 2008; No 90, 2009; No 57, 2013

s 26.......................................

am No 90, 2009

Subdivision C

 

s 29.......................................

am No 57, 2013

Division 3

 

s 32A....................................

am No 57, 2013; No 166, 2015

s 33.......................................

am No 166, 2015

s 33AA..................................

ad No 166, 2015

s 34.......................................

am No 85, 2008; No 144, 2008; No 57, 2013; No 7, 2015

s 34A....................................

ad No 57, 2013

s 35.......................................

rs No 166, 2015

s 35AA..................................

ad No 166, 2015

s 33AB..................................

ad No 166, 2015

s 35A....................................

ad No 166, 2015

s 35B.....................................

ad No 166, 2015

s 36.......................................

am No 57, 2013; No 166, 2015

s 36A....................................

ad No 166, 2015

Division 4

 

s 38.......................................

am No 57, 2013

Division 5

 

Subdivision A

 

s 40.......................................

am No 142, 2007

Subdivision B

 

s 43.......................................

am No 51, 2010; No 197, 2012

Part 3

 

Division 1

 

Division 1.............................

ad No 116, 2014

s 45A....................................

ad No 116, 2014

s 45B.....................................

ad No 116, 2014

s 45C.....................................

ad No 116, 2014

s 45D....................................

ad No 116, 2014

Division 2

 

Division 2 heading................

ad No 116, 2014

s 46.......................................

am No 142, 2007; No 90, 2009

s 51A....................................

ad No 106, 2014

s 51B.....................................

ad No 166, 2015

s 51C.....................................

ad No 166, 2015

s 52.......................................

am No 57, 2013

s 53.......................................

am No 142, 2007


 



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